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Acute cough can be very distressing and have a significant effect on children and their families from the many medical interventions to high use of over-the-counter medications, and the impact on the whole family’s daily life (like sleep disturbance).
Unfortunately, young children generally cannot verbally express themselves adequately, and therefore cannot receive the best medical attention. It very often comes down to parents to explain their child’s medical condition and its impact on their daily lives. Measuring this impact is quintessential to ensure optimal treatment.
Quality of Life (QoL) measures are now considered fundamental for high quality clinical research and intervention. These tools help healthcare professionals reliably measure and evaluate the efficacy of their intervention. Unfortunately, there were no valid and reliable measures available to pediatricians – until now.
Researchers from the University of Queensland in collaboration with healthcare professionals have developed the Parent-proxy Children’s Acute Cough-specific QoL Questionnaire (PAC-QoL).
The PAC-QoL is a 16-item questionnaire. The questionnaire is fast and easy for parents to fill. It is equally easy for healthcare professionals to use as part of their research and clinical practice. The PAC-QoL uses a 7-point Likert-type scale. Lower scores for the scales reflect greater frequency, concerns, or worries, with higher scores therefore reflecting better QoL.
The PAC-QoLaligns with the World Health Organization domains of psychological, physical and social functioning. It is the first fully validated acute cough-specific quality of life questionnaire for children designed for pediatriciansand parents.
Not only is the questionnaire reliable and valid, but also sensitive to change over time. This means that it measures the impact of the child’s acute cough on parents’ and caregivers’ wellbeing and daily life while also mirroring the changes in the cough severity.
- Anderson-James, S., Newcombe, P., Marchant, J., O'Grady, K.-A., Acworth, J., Stone, G., et al. (2015). An acute cough-specific quality-of-life questionnaire for children: Development and validation. American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology , 135 (5), 1179-85.
Accessing the PAC-QoL questionnaire
Non-Commercial Licensees can use the PAC-QoL for:
- Use by individual students and faculty in conducting academic and scholarly research, academic publishing, or course preparation
- Use as required course readings or viewings
- Distribution of materials to students in a class or posting or scanning materials to a Learning Management System Website ("Learning Management System Website" means a password-protected website or other system maintained by an instructor for use by students enrolled in a particular course)
- Academic presentations or conferences (must be accompanied by reference ot the Copyright Owner and with reference that use of the PAC-QoL is not permitted without entering into a license).
- Non-Commercial Iicensees are not permitted to use the PAC-QoL for clinical intervention/treatment. Non-Commercial licensees also cannot publish, share, distribute, modify, sublicense or sell the PAC-QoL materials. They are copyright protected.
To apply for a Non-Commercial Use license, complete all required fields and proceed to the checkout. You will not be charged for this transaction.
Your application will be considered and you will receive an email response within 7 days.
If your application is successful, you will receive via email:
- PAC-QoL questionnaire
And two academic publications:
- An acute cough-specific quality-of-life questionnaire for children: Development and validation
- Validation of a parent-proxy quality of life questionnaire for paediatric chronic cough (PC-QoL)